Allowed and Prohibited Substances for CNG Apiaries


Prohibited Substances for CNG Beekeeping

Acetic Acid (vinegar) – prohibited as a fumigant

Amino B Booster

Aluminum phosphide (Phostoxin)

Amitraz (Miticur, TakTic, Mitac, Apivar)

Butyric anhydride (Bee Go, Honey Robber)

Chlorine Bleach – except in dilute form to clean extraction and bottling equipment and to disinfect AFB-infected woodenware 

Chlorpyrifos (Dursban)

Copper Naphthalate (wood preservative) – except when used exclusively on exterior hive component surfaces

Corn Starch

Coumaphos (CheckMite+)

Fenpyroximate (Hivastan)

Fipronil (Max Force Gel roach bait)

Fluvalinate (Apistan, Mavrik)

Fumagillin (Fumidil-B)

High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS)

Hydramethylnon (Max Force Gel roach bait)

Lincomycin (Lincomix)

Mineral Oil (FGMO) – as a fumigant

Naphthalene (Moth balls)

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)

Paradichlorobenzene (PDB, Para-Moth)

Permethrin (GuardStar)

Plastic comb substitutes (Honey Super Cell, Permacomb)

Polystyrene boxes

Pollen Patties which are home-made and contain vegetable oil (a grease patty), or other non-pollen protein sources, such as but not limited to Brewer’s yeast, egg yolk, any flour (corn meal, soy flour, potato flakes, etc.), or any milk product, including whey protein 

Tylosin Tartrate (Tylan)


Allowed Substances for CNG Beekeeping

Apiforme (made from Stinging Nettle (formic acid derivatives), sorrel (oxalic acid), oils of thyme, lavender, eucalyptus, cajuput, and tea-tree)

Api Herb (made from essential oils and vitamins)

Apple Cider Vinegar – for in-hive trapping, treatment of Nosema, and in small amounts added to sugar syrup as a preservative

Bacillus thuringeinsis, subsp. aizawai (Xen-Tari, Able, Agree WG) – to prevent wax moth damage to stored honey comb

Bee Tea (see reference to recipe in Appendix I)

Boric Acid – for in-hive trapping of small hive beetles

Diatomaceous Earth – in a Freeman trap to kill adult and larval small hive beetles and outside hives as a soil treatment to kill SHB larvae 

Essential Oils (ApiGuard, ApiLife VAR, clove, white thyme, wintergreen, lemongrass, etc) –as a single treatment per calendar year not to exceed one month for cases of a documented severe Varroa infestation [14. (a)]; also may also be used in small quantities in sugar syrup to serve as a mold inhibitor, feed stimulant, or nosema treatment

Ethylene Oxide – for the sterilization of woodenware only

Fire from a blowtorch – for the sterilization of woodenware

Fischer’s Bee Quick

Formic Acid (Mite Away Quick Strips, MiteGone wafers, Formic Acid Fumigator [Amrine, References Appendix IV]) – one treatment per hive per calendar year (for a maximum of 7 days for Mite Away Quick Strips, 24 hours for a 50% Formic Acid fumigator); must be used in accordance with application instructions (including ambient temperature); may not be used while honey supers are present on the hive despite application instructions. Use of formic acid is discouraged, and allowed only if demonstrated Varroa infestation level exceeds accepted treatment threshold. [14. (a)].

Gamma Radiation – for the sterilization of woodenware and pollen patties only

Honey B Healthy (emulsified lemongrass and spearmint oil)

HopGuard (made from an organic acid found in the hop plant, Humulus lupulus) – treatment for a maximum of 21 days per calendar year, only in accordance with application instructions and in colonies with demonstrated Varroa infestation levels above accepted treatment thresholds [14. (a)]

Lactic Acid – for colonies with demonstrated Varroa infestation levels above accepted treatment threshold, to be applied after last honey harvest

Lecithin – as an emulsifying agent for essential oil recipes

Menthol – only for severe and documented Tracheal mite infestations

Mineral Oil, Food Grade (FGMO) – allowed for in-hive trapping of small hive beetles and coating of extraction equipment only; prohibited as a fumigant.

Nozevit (20% oak tree bark, 80% water)

Oxalic Acid – for colonies with demonstrated Varroa infestation levels above accepted treatment threshold

Pollen Patties which are home-made and contain only the CNG beekeeper’s collected pollen, water, and white granulated cane sugar

Pollen Substitutes – commercial only, not home-made (Bee-Pro, Brood Builder, Ener-G-Plus Bee Diet, Feed-Bee, MegaBee, Ultra Bee)

Powdered Sugar – only for the Dowda method of powdered sugar dusting and sugar shake test for Varroa monitoring; only powdered sugar without corn starch may be used

Pro Health (lemongrass and spearmint oil)

Resveratrol (grape skin extract) – a feed additive for control of Nosema

Soil Nematodes – Heterohabditis indica for the control of small hive beetle (SHB) larvae

Sucrose Octanoate ester (Sucrocide) – a sugar ester for Varroa mite treatment

Thymol-based wafers and gels (ApiLife VAR, Apiguard) – for Varroa treatment

Vegetable Oil – used in SHB traps; organic vegetable oil may be used in documented cases of severe tracheal mite infestation  

Vitafeed Gold (natural beet extract and molasses)